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This page contains guides to help you understand fertility related conditions. Contrary to popular belief, most fertility related conditions will not automatically make you infertile as everyone is different. Here you will find a guide to their symptoms, diagnosing fertility related conditions, conditions related to female-factor infertility, treatment options and and advice on how to handle these when trying to conceive.

Image shows a syringe. Fertility related conditions can be identified and treatments for infertility adjusted accordingly


Endometriosis is a common condition that is often difficult to diagnose, and it can contribute to female-factor infertility. Women with endometriosis should be seen by a fertility specialist who can advise them on the best strategies to conceive. Although there does appear to be a connection between lower fertility and endometriosis, most women with mild to moderate endometriosis will conceive naturally. In this article we cover the basics of endometriosis and how to access care.

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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common hormonal disorders – affecting up to 1 in 5 women of reproductive age. However, unfortunately it’s often not well understood. Here we give an overview of PCOS and the relationship to female-factor infertility.

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Adenomyosis is a common condition that is often difficult to diagnose. In this article we cover the basics of adenomyosis and how to access care.

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Unexplained Infertility

Being given the diagnosis of unexplained infertility can be confusing and frustrating. It can be hard not to know the exact cause of why you’re struggling to conceive. However unexplained infertility is very common, affecting around 1 in 4 with infertility. Here we talk about how it is diagnosed and the chances of conceiving if you have been diagnosed. 

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Low Ovarian Reserve

Ovarian reserve refers to the number and quality of remaining eggs that a woman has. This contributes to the likelihood of being able to conceive and is a predominant cause of female-factor infertility. With age it is natural for ovarian reserve to decrease although there are other factors that could have an impact. Here we discuss what low ovarian reserve is and its importance.

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We always advise you to consult with you doctor about any concerns or symptoms you may have. Fertility related conditions are complex and, whilst our articles are written to inform, everyone is different and it is important to speak with your doctor, who can offer more in-depth advice. You can find advice on fertility from the NHS here.