Béa FertilityStart Assessment
  1. Conditions
  2. Male Factor Infertility

How do you treat Male factor infertility?

What causes male factor infertility?

Problems with sperm quality could be associated with hormonal imbalances, a genetic condition, testicular damage or obstruction, or certain medications. Illnesses, injuries, chronic health problems and lifestyle factors can also impact male fertility.

What treatments are available?

Most treatment options are prescribed by a fertility specialist. If you have a health condition causing your fertility problems, then targeted treatment may improve sperm production and quality. Other treatment options include assisted reproductive treatments when trying to conceive.

1. Medical options

Low testosterone

If you have low testosterone levels, your doctor may suggest hormone therapy to encourage sperm production. Injections of gonadotropins can help increase testosterone levels which in turn will trigger the testicles to produce sperm.

Retrograde ejaculation

If you are experiencing retrograde ejaculation (when sperm travel to your bladder instead of through the penis) then your doctor may prescribe medicines to close the opening of your bladder.

Ejaculation problems

Problems maintaining an erection or ejaculating are common problems that could be caused by certain medication, prostate problems, thyroid problems and sometimes stress. Medication like sildenafil (Viagra®) may be helpful.

Medication and using the Béa Treatment

Medication for sperm production and sperm quality should not negatively impact an ICI Treatment or your chance of conceiving. Sperm production is continuous and it takes on average 90 days to produce new sperm, so in some cases, you may have to wait to see the results of any medication.

2. Surgery


Varicocele is a group of enlarged veins near your testicles. This can cause swelling and pain, and have a negative impact on sperm quality. A varicocele repair can alleviate any discomfort and improve sperm production and quality.


In some cases, lack of sperm in the ejaculate could be due to an obstruction in the delivery of sperm. A surgery to remove a blockage in the tubes that take sperm from your testicles to your penis can help improve sperm count and quality.

Surgery and using the Béa Treatment

The key is to make sure that you have healed fully from your surgery before considering getting pregnant and trying ICI. Talk to you doctor about your plans to conceive and get the green light to go ahead after your surgery.

How do you decide what treatment is right for you?

Treatment options will often depend on the specific cause or diagnosis of male factor infertility. You will be able to discuss the different treatment options with your doctor who will help outline the risks and benefits of each option. There are several things they may take into consideration when determining the best treatment type, most importantly the reason for seeking treatment:

  • hormonal imbalance
  • ejaculatory disorders
  • testicular pain or discomfort
  • trying to conceive